At ValpoNEXT, we feel it is important to work toward racial equality and to be aware of the racism and negative implicit biases that still linger in this country and in the world.
Implicit bias is defined by the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at The Ohio State University as follows: "Also known as implicit social cognition, implicit bias refers to the attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner. These biases, which encompass both favorable and unfavorable assessments, are activated involuntarily and without an individual’s awareness or intentional control" (http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/research/understanding-implicit-bias/).
It is easy to succumb to accepting racial stereotypes and racial biases, whether we have ill intent behind it or not; and we see these negative stereotypes and biases come out most often in community happenings and government policies around the world. It is important to be willing to actively do better as individuals and as communities, and to work toward learning how to shape and change those biases that we often unconsciously and unknowingly have.
We can fight these ways by educating ourselves on the history of others' cultures and the true history of our nation; the good, bad, and the ugly. Below, you will find many resources on learning the history, current dealings, and basic understanding of culture! We want to celebrate every culture and every person of color, and we hope this page does so.
If you have any resources to include, please comment in the feedback section below so we can review the sources and post them if deemed appropriate.
Artist: Emmanuel Turner
Organizations in Valpo
Valpo Allies: An organization comprised of Valparaiso community members that focus on creating a strong ally group for people of color. They meet to continue the conversation of equality for race and what we can do to be strong allies for our fellow citizens. All races are welcome and encouraged to join in the discussion. Check out their website: https://valpoallies.org/
Welcome Project: "collects first-person audio and video stories and pairs its stories with facilitated conversation to foster curiosity about difference and to forge stronger communities as those communities become increasingly diverse. All of the stories gathered by the Welcome Project are first-person accounts in which participants describe how events mattered to them." Check out their website: https://welcomeproject.valpo.edu/history-of-the-wp/
Artist: Aline Amaru
Radio Shows and Podcasts:
Morning B.L.A.C.K. on WVLP 103.1- A Valpo-based radio show that discusses topics on race and community every week. New episodes Fridays at 10-11AM and Saturdays at 8-9AM: https://wvlp.org/shows/the-morning-black/
Serial Podcast, Season 3- "A year inside a typical American courthouse. This season we tell you the extraordinary stories of ordinary cases. One courthouse, told week by week.": https://serialpodcast.org/
1619 Podcast, by The New York Times- "An audio series on how slavery has transformed America, connecting past and present through the oldest form of storytelling.": https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/1619/id1476928106 and https://open.spotify.com/show/7j5MhJCMBvOjF1Asi9LPLX?si=BXPbayEdQoKdgE8YyIO4Yg
CODE SWITCH Podcast by NPR- "It's the fearless conversations about race that you've been waiting for! Hosted by journalists of color, our podcast tackles the subject of race head-on. We explore how it impacts every part of society — from politics and pop culture to history, sports and everything in between. This podcast makes ALL OF US part of the conversation — because we're all part of the story.": https://www.npr.org/podcasts/510312/codeswitch
About Race Podcast- "a lively multiracial, interracial conversation about the ways we can’t talk, don’t talk, would rather not talk, but intermittently, fitfully, embarrassingly do talk about culture, identity, politics, power, and privilege in our pre-post-yet-still-very-racial America.": https://www.showaboutrace.com/
Come Through Podcast- "15 essential conversations about race in a pivotal year for America": https://www.wnycstudios.org/podcasts/come-through
The United States of Anxiety Podcast: "A show about the unfinished business of our history and its grip on our future.": https://www.wnycstudios.org/podcasts/anxiety
Artist: Anna sidi yacoub
How to Be an Antiracist by Dr. Ibram X. Kendi
Dying of Whiteness: How the Politics of Racial Resentment Is Killing America's Heartland by Jonathan Metzl
White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism by Robin DiAngelo, PhD
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? by Beverly Daniel Tatum
Artist: Corey Barksdale
"Blackface: the Sad History of Minstrel Shows" by Edwin Grosvenor and Robert Toll
“America’s Racial Contract Is Killing Us” by Adam Serwer
Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement (Mentoring a New Generation of Activists)
”My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant” by Jose Antonio Vargas
“The Intersectionality Wars” by Jane Coaston
”White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” by Knapsack Peggy McIntosh
“Who Gets to Be Afraid in America?” by Dr. Ibram X. Kendi
Artist: John Pule
TV and Movies
Selma- Available to rent
The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution- Available to rent
The Hate U Give- Hulu with Cinemax
Just Mercy- Available to rent for free in June 2020 in the U.S.
Dear White People- Netflix
American Son- Netflix
If Beale Street Could Talk- Hulu
Get Out- Available to rent
The Problem With Apu- Hulu
Artist: Mickalene Thomas
Artist: M F Husain
Teaching Our Youth
Artist: Hassan Massoudy
(Although we deem these worthy sources, we would also like to encourage you to take each research article with a grain of salt. Research studies only test small populations of people, and are not perfect representations of the entire country or the world as a whole. Absolutely no psychological research study is going to be perfect, but it is important to search for well done studies that have merit to them and are not falling victim to the many faults and biases that research often sees. With that being said, we do believe these articles have merit to them, and need to be understood and reviewed with much intent to learn from them. We encourage you to read them and interpret the results with thought and with as little bias as you can muster.)
Policy Insights From Advances in Implicit Bias Research Payne, Vuletich (2017)
Seeing Black: Race, Crime, and Visual Processing Eberhardt, Goff, Purdie, and Davies (2004)
The Essence of Innocence: Consequences of Dehumanizing Black Children Goff, Jackson, Allison, Di Leone, Culotta, DiTomasso (2014)
Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites Hoffman, Trawalter, Axt, and Oliver (2015)
The Consequences of Race for Police Officers’ Responses to Criminal Suspects Plant and Peruche (2005)
Stereotype Threat and Racial Differences in Citizens’ Experiences of Police Encounters Najdowski, Bottoms, and Goff (2015)
How Suspect Race Affects Police Use of Force in an Interaction Over Time Kahn, Steele, McMahon, & Stewart (2016)
Artist: Faith Ringgold
We gathered some of the resources above from this well built Google Doc. We encourage you to check it out and read what else the creators of the document have listed: bit.ly/ANTIRACISMRESOURCES (we do not own this document or are affiliated with it in any way other than using it as a resource for ourselves)
From ValpoNEXT to you, thank you for taking the time to read through this page and take the important steps to building stronger communities, stronger individuals, and stronger allies for the many different races and cultures we love so much.